Friday, June 3, 2011

Triangular Trade Routes

Triangular Trade involved trade routes that moved in a triangle direction. One of the most popular was from the Southern Colonies (Molasses) to the North American Colonies (Rum) to Africa (Slaves).

Another popular route took cash crops (rice, indigo, cotton, sugar and tobacco) to Europe. Then manufactured goods to Africa and from Africa, slaves to the colonies.

There were many other routes and goods that traveled in triangular paths from the New World to the Old. All of the natural wealth of the colonies were turned into trade goods, fish, furs, whale oil, iron, timber, naval stores, and wheat were common goods carried. While not the great money makers as the cash crops were, these products were in abundance and therefore less expensive in the New World. The age old adage of "buy low, sell high" was the guiding principle for these trade routes. The profits made could be huge and became the foundations of much of the new wealthy elite of the English colonies.
Double click on each map to see it in a larger text.

Thursday, June 2, 2011

Louis XIV-"the Sun King"

The symbol of the often Golden reign of one of the greatest monarchs of post Renaissance Europe-Louis XIV "the Sun King." He chose this title to illustrate that he was the radiant center of Europe, France and his Court.

Louis Bourbon (1638-1715), King of France from 1643-1715 as Louis XIV. Reigning for seventy-two years, Louis XIV was the longest ruling monarch in French history. In his reign France challenged the other powers of Europe for supreme mastery though a series of ever more costly wars. His early successes were tempered by the massive debt his government incurred through these conflicts.

This neoclassical painting of "the Sun King" and his family brings forth visions of the grander of the ancient empires and gods of old.  An absolute monarch, Louis thought of himself and the country as one, "L'√Čtat, c'est moi" ("I am the state").

One of the greatest and long lasting accomplishments of Louis XIV was the grand Baroque Palace of Versailles. In addition to the beauty and luxury this massive palace complex afforded the king, Versailles was also built as an enticing "flame for the moths of nobility." Louis envisioned Versailles as a palace of such opulence that none of his troublesome nobles would ever wish to leave. This allowed the king to keep a close watch on those who might have challenged his authority.

The orange territories, including the valuable Alsace and Franche-Comte, were added to France by Louis XIV.  While his territorial gains were important, the cost in lives and money was immense. He recognised this as on his death bed when he was reported to say "I have love war to much" as advice for his heir.  When he died he left France with as one of the great world powers, massive debt, and a government run by the aristocrats for the aristocrats-his great grandson Louis XVI and his people would pay the price of the seeds sown by the Sun King.

Wednesday, June 1, 2011

Age of Discovery & Colonial Test Study Guide for June

Age of Discovery & Colonial Test
Study Guide

Know these Key Terms:
Protestant, Roman Catholic, Guild, Dona Marina, Inflation,
Northwest Passage, Civil Service, Plantation, Louis XIV, Reformation,
Bleeding, Quetzalcoatl, Emigrate, Yin & Yang, Colony,
Shinto, Conquistador, Black Death, Labor Intensive Crops, Patron, Pax Romana, Act of Toleration, Mercenary, Cash Crops,
Crusade, Silk Road, Viceroy, Magna Carta, Colonial Trade Items,

Know five quality facts for each of the following:
Slaves & Indentured Servants, Aztec Warfare& Culture, Early English Colonies,
Conquistador Military Advantages, Inca Conquest & Culture, French Explorers,
Dynasties of China, Explorers from Portugal, Early Colonial Cities,
European Explorers, Conquest of Mexico, Triangular Trade,
Why Rome Fell, Henry VIII & Elizabeth I, Renaissance Artists

On the map know the following locations:
Atlantic Ocean, Baltic Sea, English Channel, Mediterranean Sea, North Sea, Denmark,
Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain/United Kingdom, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and Turkey.

The map on page 672 of your text book has all the correct locations of the above places.